The most effective method for dealing with the problem of waste accumulation is the prevention of its generation. It is also the most favorable way to deal with waste and is the most important segment of the waste management and environmental protection system.
Measures for the reduction, ie prevention of waste generation imply the application of appropriate procedures during production and use processes. Thus, waste is reduced in quantity, volume and harmful ingredients for nature are eliminated.
Waste prevention measures
In order to reduce the amount of waste, measures are needed in the production and consumption of materials.
The production of material things requires the development of:
- Cleaner production
- Recycling of old materials and energy
- Production with non-waste materials
- Use of secondary raw materials
The use, ie consumption of materials that are subject to waste generation includes the development of:
- Uses with less potential for waste generation
- Rational use and treatment of waste generated
In addition, waste prevention measures include education of all participants in production and use, and continuous implementation of marketing messages with the aim of reducing waste.
There are also direct and indirect prevention measures, which may include various other segments.
Direct waste prevention measures:
- Introduction of bail
- Eco tax
- Use of alternative materials with less waste generation potential
- Cleaner production processes
Indirect waste prevention measures:
- Development of recyclable materials
- Product change using recyclable materials
- Direct use of waste (eg materials from demolished buildings)
Waste prevention is a major and crucial factor in caring for the environment, as it suppresses the very core of the problem. If waste is generated in small quantities, its disposal and destruction is much simpler than large amounts of waste.